Ecological Educational Expedition BAIKAL’S COMPASS

Organizers: Charitable Foundation “Give Life to the Planet”, Federal State Budgetary Institution “Zapovednoe Pribaikalye”.

Dates: June 24 – July 1, 2019

Venue: along the route of two routes: –  Buguldeyka village- Aya Bay,

– MRS- Bay Aya.

Project managers: Natalia Eremeeva, Vyazmin Vyacheslav.

 

Financing: – “United Heineken Breweries”.

Partners:

–  LLC “Trade – Technical Company” Tour Auto

– TV channel “AIST”

Number of participants: 16 people, including 2 researchers of the “Preserved Baikal”, 14 volunteers.

 

Targets and goals:

 – study of anthropogenic impact, including accounting and studying of waste discovered by expedition members, marking the places of concentration of tourists;

– conducting educational work among tourists in order to encourage them to abide by the rules of staying in the Baikal National Park and separately dispose of solid household waste;

– registration and observation of rare species of birds, reptiles, Red List animals and plants;

– cleaning of contaminated coastal areas.

 

Actual Results:

– length of routes – 191.5 km: 127.3 km – crossings, 64.2 km – radial routes;

– 9 bays were investigated;

– 176 people were informed about the rules of conduct in specially protected natural areas;

– 44 cars were recorded;

– 120 bags of garbage were collected and fishing nets – about 250 kg;

– 4 trees are exempted from viscous.

Analytical results:

1) The places of special concentration of the camps of unorganized tourism were recorded and indicated on the map (Tutaiskiy Bay, Begul Bay, Aya Bay).

Conclusions. It is extremely necessary to create infrastructure: installing information banners, arranging picnic areas, and regular monitoring. Information banners should include the “Three Great and Simple Rules” of conduct:

– do not leave behind you any traces (except good ones): do not pick flowers, do not leave fires, rubbish, nails in a tree, new roads, etc.);

– take care of water: do not dispose of waste water, do not use phosphate products, do not use detergents in open water, etc .;

– do not bother your neighbors: people, birds, fish, animals, ants, etc., do not turn on the music, do not touch the nests, anthills, burrows, etc.

2) For the most part, tourists surveyed do not have up-to-date information on the rules for staying on the territory of the national park. Only 17% of vacationers had a residence permit, for the rest it is a time-consuming process.

Conclusions. It is necessary to simplify the procedure for registering a stay in the territory of the Baikal National Park.

3) Most of the garbage collected during the expedition was fishing nets and glass bottles, from which it can follow that poachers and citizens who drink alcohol rest on the sites covered.

Conclusions. It is necessary to strengthen the patrolling of the territory by the inspectors of the FSBI “Preserved Baikal”.

4) In places that are considered sacred among tourists and local residents, trees are found tied with ribbons and knitwear.

Conclusions. It is necessary to assemble a working group from representatives of local peoples, biologists and employees of the Zapovednoe Pribaikalye, together to identify sacred places and rules of behavior there. For example, to install special poles for tying ribbons and information plates that such strings are harmful to trees.

5) Most of the access roads are difficult to access, the bays are small, in places of tourist congestion there are no municipalities nearby. On both routes, the number of tourists met is several times less than their numbers on the territory of the Small Sea. At the same time in the largest Aya bay was approximately 40 tourists (10 cars). In all other bays, from 2 to 5 cars and, correspondingly, the same number of tourist groups, were seen at a time.

Conclusions. When creating picnic areas, refuse containers should be discarded, as:

– they are expensive to export;

– during the accumulation of waste, the territory will be littered due to cattle interference, careless people, wind;

There is experience in maintaining the territories of national parks without installing containers for solid municipal waste. Informational banners are needed to explain the idea of “taking away easier than bringing.”

6) The bulk of the garbage collected during the expedition, by agreement, was taken out by tourists, which indicates an increase in the level of consciousness of citizens.

Conclusions. It is required to conduct educational work with the population year-round. Garbage containers should not be installed in the territory of the Pribaikalsky National Park, investigated by the expedition in 2019.

7) The composition of the waste collected and disposed of as a result of the expedition (depending on the volume in descending order):

– fishing nets (plastic);

– glass bottles for alcoholic beverages;

– plastic bottles, packaging (plastic, combined (such as tetrapack));

– plastic bags;

– cans;

– disposable tableware;

– other types of household waste.


Conclusions. More severe penalties for poaching are required, as well as explanatory work on the use of fishing nets in the form of full houses with photographs of the consequences. Consideration should be given to prohibiting the sale of plastic containers in coastal areas.

8) Pseudo-sacred (4 points) and popular sacred places (2 points) were discovered, in the area of ​​which garbage accumulates: whole and broken glass bottles, textiles and other wastes, colored ribbons tied to branches of bushes and trees.

Conclusions. It was recommended to assemble an expert group of representatives of NGOs, local residents, employees of the Federal State Budgetary Institution Zapovednoye Pribaikalye, biologists, followers of Shamanism and Buddhism to clarify the territory of sacred places and develop information boards with rules of behavior in such places without harming nature. Together with the tourism agency of the Irkutsk region, it is necessary to develop memos for souvenir shops where they sell colored ribbons with recommendations for their use.
9) During the expedition, the participants managed to see the Mongolian toad, white heron, traces of bears, flocks of cormorants, capercaillie, roe deer, partridge, various species of orchids.

Conclusions. Flora and fauna exist in the Baikal ecosystem without deterioration compared to previous studies in 2018.

List of participants in the Compass Baikal project:

The members of the “South” team:

Name, Surname

Organization

1

Vyazmin Vyacheslav

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

2

Pavlyuchenko Elena

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

3

Maryasov Anton

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

4

Barkhatova Irina

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

5

Kadyrov Ruslan

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

6

Lizunova Maria

Volunteer of  Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

7

Lunts Sergey

Volunteer of Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

8

Sergey Kryukov

Federal State Budgetary Institution “Zapovednoe Pribaikalye”

 

The members of the “North” team:

Name, Surname

Organization

1

Natalia Eremeeva

Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

2

Kavchik Rudolph

Volunteer Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

3

Ivan Krylov

Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

4

Ermilov Ivan

Volunteer Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

5

Kalinovich Milena

Volunteer Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

6

Vasiliev Anton

Volunteer Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

7

Kazakova Elena

Volunteer Charity Fund “Give the Planet Life”

8

Pantyukhov Svyatoslav

Federal State Budgetary Institution “Zapovednoe Pribaikalye”

 

Ecopatrol

Organizers: Charitable Foundation “Give Life to the Planet” with the support of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Zapovednoe Pribaikalye”

Duration: 06/15/2019 – 09/08/2019. The start of the project is 2016.

Venue – around Olkhon (Lake Baikal), ferry crossing MRS-Olkhon.

The number of raids – 12 (from 4 to 6 days)

Project managers: Artyom Makarov, Elena Pavlyuchenko.

Financing:

– United Breweries Heineken;

– The Presidential Grants Fund, within the framework of the project “Let’s Save Baikal’s Life”.

 

Partners:

– LLC “Trade – Technical Company” Tour Auto;

– Premier Media Sales House.

Number of volunteer participants: 50 people – representatives of the Irkutsk region, the city of St. Petersburg, Spain.

 

Objectives: outreach, including prevention of violations of the rules of staying in the national park and educating tourists for a comfortable stay in harmony with nature and local traditions.

 

 

Tasks:

– conducting an environmental sociological survey;

– informing tourists:

– about environmental issues,

– on the rules of conduct in specially protected natural areas,

– On existing environmental projects, actions (selective waste collection at Olkhon;

– motivation for the export of MSW from the island for “wild” tourists, informing about selective collection on the island of Olkhon
– distribution of information materials;
– verification of the integrity of the Saray beach fence;

Results:

– 3435 people passed an environmental sociological survey;

– 66% of respondents are representatives of the Irkutsk region, 29% are representatives of other regions of Russia, 5% are representatives of foreign states;

– there has been a steady increase in the level of tourists’ knowledge of the rules of conduct in the territory of the Baikal National Park (in 2019, 80% of respondents, in 2018 – 70%, in 2017 – 64%);

– a larger number of people in accordance with the need to control the movement of tourists in the national park (in 2019, 83% of respondents, in 2018 – 77%);

– Some indicators either remained at the same level or worsened. We assume a deterioration due to the appearance of tourists who have never been to Olkhon Island before. All data for 2019 and 2018 are presented in charts.